25 Years Growing

"It All Starts With a Seed."
Rainier Seeds, Inc.
1404 Fourth St.
P.O. Box 1064
Davenport, WA 99122
Phone 509-725-1235
toll-free 800.828.8873
Scientific Name
Common Name
Varieties
Native Intro.
Mature Height
Warm Cool
Sod Bunch
Seed Rate Lbs/acre
Seeds / Pound
When to Plant
Precip. Inches Req'd
Elevation Range
Erosion Control
Wildlife Value
Forage Value
X-scape Use
Acidity tolerance
Salinity tolerance
 
 
 
 
 
 
Achnatherum hymenoidesIndian RicegrassNezpar, Paloma, RimrockN13-24"CoolBunch6-8164,500Fall81500-4500Good44Very GoodNone Low
Achnatherum lettermaniiLetterman needlegrassI1-24"CoolBunch6-8115,000Fall/Spring182000-4500Good43OrnamentalLowMed
Achnatherum nelsoniiColumbia needlegrassN1-24"CoolBunch6-8175,000Fall122000-4500Good44Very GoodLowLow
Achnatherum speciosumDesert needlegrassN10-20"WarmBunch6-8115,000Fall/Spring81500-4500Poor32Very GoodLowMed
Achnatherum thurberianumThurbers needlgrassN12-24"CoolBunch6-8225,000Fall/Spring61500-4500Good43Very GoodLowMed
Agropyron cristatumCrested wheatgrassEphraim, Fairway, Kirk, RoadcrestI13-24"CoolBunch6-10250,000Fall/Spring102000-4500Very Good44NoLowMed
Agropyron desertorumStandard crestedNordan, CDII, HycrestI13-24"CoolBunch6-10182,500Fall/Spring102000-4500Very Good44NoLowMed
Agropyron fragileSiberian wheatgrassP-27, VavilovI13-24"CoolBunch6-8206,000Fall 82000-4500Very Good44NoLowMed
Agrostis capillarisColonial bentgrassHighlandI13-24"CoolSod26,100,000Fall/Spring180-4500Good12NoHighLow
Agrostis giganteaRedtopStreakerI25+"CoolSod14,850,000Fall/Spring200-4500Excellent22NoHighLow
Agrostis stoloniferaCreeping bentgrassPutter, penncross, Seaside, othersI13-24"CoolSod2-36,500,000Fall/Spring180-4500Good22NoHighLow
Alopecurus arundinaceusCreeping foxtailGarrisonI13-25+"CoolSod3-4756,000Fall/Spring250-4500Good35NoMedLow
Alopecurus pratensisMeadow foxtailI13-25+"CoolBunch4-5406,000Fall/Spring250-4500Good34NoMedLow
Andropogon gerardiiBig bluestemChamp, Kaw, Pawnee, RountreeN25+"WarmSod7147,500Summer182000-4500Excellent54ExcellentLowMed
Andropogon halliiSand bluestemElida, WoodwardN25+"WarmSod7-8106,500Summer102000-4500Very Good43Very GoodLowLow
Aristida purpureaPurple three-awnN1-24"CoolBunch6240,000Fall/Spring102000-4500Very Good32GoodLowLow
Arrhenatherum elatiusTall oatgrassTualatinI25+"CoolBunch6-8189,000Fall/Spring142000-4500Very Good35NoLowLow
Avena sativaOatsseveral varietiesI25+"CoolBunch60+19,400Spring142000-7000Very Good45NoLowMed
Beckmannia syzigachneAmerican sloughgrassEganN25+"CoolAnnual191,100,000Fall/Spring250-4500Excellent43ExcellentLowNone
Bolboschoenus maritimusAlkali bulrushN36+"CoolSod8160,000Fall/SpringWetland1500-4500Good42Very GoodNoneHigh
Bothriochloa barbinodisCane beardgrassN13-36+"WarmBunchN/A754,000Fall/Spring82000-4500Good32Very GoodLowMed
Bothriochloa ischaemumYellow bluestemGanada, Plains, WW Spar, othersI13-25+:WarmBunch2830,000Fall/Spring112000-4500Good44NoLowLow
Bouteloua aristidoidesNeedle gramaN13-12"WarmAnnualN/A414,000Fall/Spring82000-4500Good22GoodLowMed
Bouteloua curtipendulaSideoats gramaButte, El Reno, Haskell, othersN13-24"WarmSod3-4170,000Summer82000-4500Good54Very GoodLowLow
Bouteloua dactyloides BuffalograssTexokaN1-12"WarmSod4-848,000Spring122000-4500Very Good45Very GoodLowMed
Bouteloua eriopodaBlack gramaN13-24"WarmBunch3-4170,000Fall/Spring82000-4500Good22Very GoodLowMed
Bouteloua gracilisBlue gramaHachita, LovingtonI1-24"WarmBunch2-3780,000Spring/Summer132000-4500Good44Very GoodLowLow
Bouteloua rothrockiiRothrock gramaN8-18"WarmBunch2-3500,000Fall/Spring82000-4500Good22Very GoodLowMed
Bromus biebersteiniiMeadow bromeRegarI13-24"CoolSod10-1265,000Fall/Spring162000-4500Good54GoodLowLow
Bromus carinatusCalifornia BromeCucamongaN13-25"CoolBunch6-880,000Fall/Spring122000-4500Very Good42GoodLowLow
Bromus catharticusRescuegrassPrairieI13-25"CoolBunch6-875,000Fall/Spring142000-4500Good35NoLowLow
Bromus inermisSmooth BromeLincoln, Manchar, CarltonI13-24"CoolSod8150,000Fall/Spring150-4500Good35NoLowLow
Bromus marginatusMountain BromeBromar, GarnetN25+"CoolBunch1070,000Late Summer162000-10,000Very Good42GoodLowLow
Calamagrostis canadensisBluejoint reedgrassSourdoughN25+"CoolSod1-22,500,000Fall/Spring18+0-4500Very Good44GoodMedLow
Calamovilfa longifoliaPrairie sandreedGoshen, BowmanN25+"WarmSod3-4274,000Spring122000-4500Excellent44GoodLowLow
Carex aquatilisWater sedgeN36+"CoolSod1-2500,000Fall/SpringWetland2000-4500Good43Very GoodLowMed
Carex bebbiiBebb's sedgeN13-36+"CoolBunch11,400,000Fall/SpringWetland2000-4500Good43Very GoodLowMed
Carex geyeriElk sedgeN13-24"CoolBunch1-291,400Fall/SpringWetland2000-4500Good43Very GoodLowMed
Carex interiorInland sedgeN13-24"CoolBunch1-2N/AFall/SpringWetland2000-4500Good43Very GoodLowMed
Carex nebrascensisNebraska sedgeN24-36+"CoolSod1-2525,000Fall/SpringWetland2000-4500Good43Very GoodLowMed
Carex obnuptaSlough sedgeN24-36"CoolSod110,000,000Fall/SpringWetland1000-4500Good43Very GoodLowMed
Carex rostrataBeaked sedgeN13-36+"CoolSod1-2440,000Fall/SpringWetland2000-4500Good43Very GoodLowMed
Carex vulpinoideaFox sedgeN24-36+"CoolBunch11,290,000Fall/SpringWetland2000-4500Good43Very GoodLowMed
Cynodon dactylonBermudagrassBrazon, TufcoteI13-25+"WarmSod151,787,000Spring/Summer102000-7000Good45NoLowMed
Dactylis glomerata OrchardgrassLatar, Paiute, Potomac, Takena, othersI13-25+"CoolSod8541,500Spring182000-7000Poor44NoMedLow
Dasyochloa pulchellaLow woollygrassN3-12"WarmBunch8-10N/AFall/Spring82000-4500Poor21ExcellentLowMed
Deschampsia cespitosa Tufted hairgrassNortanN13-24"CoolBunch1-22,500,000Fall200-10,000Good54Very GoodMedLow
Deschampsia elongataSlender hairgrassN13-24"CoolBunch1-22,500,000Fall200-7000Good54Very GoodMedLow
Digitaria californicaArizona cottontopN13-25+"Warm Bunch61,002,000Fall/Spring70-2000Good44NoLowLow
Distichlis spicataInland saltgrassN1-12"WarmSod10672,000Summer80-2000Poor44NoLowMed
Echinochloa esculentaJapanese milletI25+"WarmBunch15110,000Fall/Spring142000-4500Poor24NoLowLow
EleocharisSpike rushN12-18"CoolBunchN/AN/AFall/SpringWetland2000-4500Good22GoodLowHigh
Elymus canadensisCanada wildryeI25+"CoolBunch7108,000Fall122000-7000Very Good43NoLowMed
Elymus elymoidesBottlebrush squirreltailN13-24"CoolBunch8-10190,000Fall62000-4500Good43NoLowMed
Elymus glaucusBlue wildryeElkton, ArlingtonN25+"CoolBunch10150,000Fall/Spring122000-4500Excellent43NoLowLow
Elymus lanceolatusThickspike wheatgrassCritana, Bannock, SchwendimarN13-24"CoolSod6-8159,500Fall/Spring82000-4500Excellent22GoodLowMed
Elymus lanceolatus ssp. psammophilusStreambank wheatgrassSodarN1-24"CoolSod6-8150,000Fall 82000-4500Excellent43GoodLowMed
Elymus multisetusBig SquirreltailN13-24"WarmBunch8-10190,000Fall/Spring61500-4500Good43Very GoodLowMed
Elymus trachycaulusslender wheatgrassRevenue, Primar, Pryor, San Luis, HighlanderN13-24"CoolBunch6-8150,000Fall162000-4500Very Good54GoodLowMed
Elymus wawawaiensisSnake river wheatgrassSecarN13-24"CoolBunch6-8117,500Fall/Spring82000-4500Good45Very GoodLowMed
Elytrigia repens x Pseudoroegneria spicataNewhy hybrid wheatgrassI13-24"CoolSod10-14120,000Fall/Spring102000-7000Good33GoodLowMed
Eragrostis curvulaWeeping lovegrassErmelo, MorpaI13-24"WarmBunch21,500,000Spring/Summer161500-4000Good34NoHighMed
Eragrostis intermediaPlains lovegrassN13-25+"WarmBunch33,750,000Fall/Spring112000-4500Poor44GoodLowHigh
Eragrostis lehmannianaLehmann lovegrassI13-25+"WarmSod24,245,000Spring/Summer121500-4000Good44NoLowHigh
Eragrostis superbaWilman lovegrassI1-12"WarmBunch51,300,000Spring/Summer81500-4000Poor34NoLowMed
Eragrostis trichodesSand lovegrassBendN25+"WarmBunch21,400,000Spring/Summer121500-4500Good34NoLowMed
Festuca arundinaceaTall fescueAlta, Kentucky 31, Fawn, turf-typesI25+"CoolBunch8224,500Spring180-4500Good45NoHighHigh
Festuca arzonicaArizona fescueRedondoN13-25+"CoolBunch3500,000Fall142000-4500Good33Very GoodLowLow
Festuca idahoensisIdaho fescueJosephN25+"CoolBunch8450,000Fall/Spring102000-7000Good53NoLowLow
Festuca occidentalisWestern fescueN25+"CoolBunch8450,000Fall/Spring100-4500Good43GoodLowLow
Festuca ovinaSheep fescueCovar, QuatroN/I13-24"CoolBunch10622,500Fall/Spring102000-7000Very Good33No MedLow
Festuca roemeriRoemers fescueN25+"CoolBunch8450,000Fall/Spring162000-4500Unknown43Very GoodLowMed
Festuca rubraCreeping red fescuemany varietiesI13-25+"CoolSod10547,000Fall/Spring182000-4500Good44Very GoodMedLow
Festuca rubra, ssp. rubraNative red fescueMolate, ArcticaN12-30"CoolSod10614,000Fall/Spring20"2000-4500Good43ExcellentMedNone
Festuca rubra, ssp.fallaxChewings fescuemany varietiesI1-24"CoolSod10500,000Fall/Spring182000-4500Good34GoodMedLow
Festuca campestris Rydb.Rough fescueN1-12"CoolBunch10200,000Fall/Spring122000-7000Good33GoodMedLow
Festuca trachyphyllaHard fescueDurar, Serra, CrystalI13-24"CoolBunch10572,500Fall/Spring162000-7000Very Good33NoMedLow
Glyceria grandisAmerican mannagrassN25+"CoolSod10-1237,500Fall/Spring182000-4500Poor54GoodMedLow
Glyceria occidentalisWestern mannagrassN25+"CoolSod6-8200,000Fall/Spring18+2000-4500Poor54GoodMedLow
Glyceria striataFowl mannagrassN36-48"CoolSod6-8200,000Fall/Spring301500-4500Poor54GoodMedLow
Hesperostipa comataNeedle and threadN25+"CoolBunch8115,000Fall/Spring102000-4500Good43ExcellentLowMed
Heteropogon contortusTangleheadN10-25"WarmBunch3-4340,000Fall/Spring82000-4500Good11ExcellentLowMed
Hordeum brachyantherumMeadow BarleyN1-12"CoolBunch12-1590,000Fall/Spring162000-4500Good54ExcellentMedLow
Hordium vulgareBarleySpring, WinterI25+"CoolBunch60+12,000Fall/Spring142000-4500Good54NMedLow
Juncus AlpinusNorthern rushN3-24"CoolSod1N/AFall/SpringWetland1500-4500Good43Very GoodMedMed
Juncus balticusBaltic rushN24-36+"CoolSod111,000,000Fall/SpringWetland1500-4500Good42Very GoodNoneHigh
Juncus effususSoft rushN36+"CoolBunch1958,000Fall/SpringWetland1500-4500Good44Very GoodMedMed
Juncus ensifoliusSwordleaf rushN18-24"CoolBunch1N/AFall/Spring121500-4500Good42Very GoodMedMed
Juncus orthophyllusStraight-leaved rushN24+"CoolBunch1N/AFall/SpringWetland1500-4500Good42Very GoodMedMed
Juncus tenuisSlender rushN6-36"CoolBunch110,000,000Fall/Spring161500-4500Good32Very GoodMedLow
Juncus torreyiTorry rushN24-36"CoolBunch110,000,000Fall/Spring141500-4500Good32Very GoodMedNone
Koeleria macranthaPrairie junegrassN13-24"CoolBunch1-22,132,500Fall122000-4500Good53GoodNoneLow
Leersia oryzoidesRice cutgrassN36-48"CoolBunchN/AN/AFall/Spring141500-4500Good45Very GoodLowNone
Leptochloa dubiaGreen sprangletopI25+"WarmBunch6538,000Fall/Spr/Sum111500-4500Poor54NoNoneMed
Leymus angustusAltai wildryePrairielandI25+"CoolBunch10-1556,500Fall/Spring182000-7000Very Good33Good LowLow
Leymus cinereusGreat Basin wildryeMagnar, TrailheadN25+"CoolBunch9130,500Fall/Spring82000-4500Good44GoodLowMed
Leymus racemosusMammoth wildryeVolgaI13-25+"Cool Sod1077,500Fall/Spring72000-4500Good44Very GoodLowMed
Leymus triticoidesCreeping beardless wildryeShoshoneN13-25+"CoolSod1550,500Fall102000-4500Very Good44NoLowHigh
Lolium multiflorumAnnual ryegrassGulfI13-25+"Cool Annual15-35225,000Spring100-7,000Very Good34NoLowLow
Lolium perennePerennial ryegrassturf & forage availableI25+"CoolBunch15-35237,000Fall120-7,000Very Good35NoLowLow
Muhlenbergia wrightiiSpike muhlyEl VadoN1-24"Warm Bunch21,500,000Spring/Summer152000-9000Very Good55GoodNoneLow
Nassella viridulaGreen needlegrassLodormI13-24"CoolBunch8-10173,000Fall162000-4500Good44Very GoodLowMed
Panicum antidotaleBlue panicgrassI25+"Warm Bunch5657,000Fall/Spr/Sum112000-4500Good45NoNoneLow
Panicum coloratumKleingrassSelection 75I13-24"WarmSod4500,000Spring/Summer121000-7000Good34NoNoneMed
Panicum virgatumSwitchgrassAlamo, BlackwellN25+"WarmSod5-8332,500Summer192000-4500Very Good54GoodLowMed
Pascopyrum smithiiWestern wheatgrassArriba, Barton, Rosana, RodanN13-24"CoolSod10113,000Fall/Spring102000-4500Poor43GoodMedMed
Phalaris arundinaceaReed CanarygrassI25+"CoolSod5-10529,500Fall/Spring160-7000Good34NoHighMed
Phleum alpinumAlpine TimothyN12-18"Cool Bunch11,000,000Fall/Spring164000-9000Good43Very GoodLowNone
Phleum pratenseTimothyClimax, ClairI13-24+"CoolBunch11,232,500Fall/Spring160-7000Good45NoMedLow
Pleuraphis jamesiiGalletaVivaN1-12"WarmSod6169,500Spring82000-4500Very Good44Very GoodNoneMed
Pleuraphis muticaTobosagrassN13-25"WarmSod61,695,000Fall/Spring82000-4500Good22ExcellentLowMed
Poa alpinaAlpine BluegrassN1-12"CoolBunch11,680,000Fall/Spring202000Good43GoodLowNone
Poa compressaCanada bluegrassReubens, TalonI13-24"CoolSod1-22,400,000Fall/Spring182000-7000Good4noMedLow
Poa fendlerianaMutton grassN3-12"CoolBunch1-21,000,000Fall/Spring102000-7000Poor43Very GoodLowMed
Poa glaucaUpland bluegrassDraylarI13-24"CoolSod1-21,000,000Fall/Spring142000-7000Good55Very GoodLowMed
Poa pratensisKentucky bluegrassAble 1, A-34, & other varietiesI13-24"CoolSod2-31,796,000Fall/Spring182000-4500Good34NLowLow
Poa secunda ssp. amplaBig bluegrass ShermanN25+"CoolBunch5899,500Fall/Spring82000-4000Good55Very GoodLowNone
Poa secunda ssp. canbyiCanby bluegrassCanbarN13-24"CoolBunch2925,500Fall/Spring102000-4500Good54GoodNoneLow
Poa secunda ssp. sandbergiiSandberg bluegrassN13-24"CoolBunch2-4912,500Fall/Spring82000-4500Poor53NoLowMed
Poa trivialisRough bluegrassI13-24"CoolSod41,900,000Fall/Spring251500-4500Good43NoLowMed
Psathyrostachys junceaRussian wildryeBozoisky, VinallI13-24"CoolBunch10162,500Fall/Spring122000-4500Good33GoodLowMed
Pseuderoegnaria spicata inermisBeardless bluebunchWhitmarN13-24"CoolBunch7-9115,000Fall/Spring102000-4500Good55Very GoodLowMed
Pseudoroegneria spicataBluebunch wheatgrassGoldar, Anatone, P-7N13-24"CoolBunch6-8117,500Fall/Spring102000-4500Good45Very GoodLowMed
Puccinellia distansAlkaligrassFultsN13-24"CoolBunch41,200,000Fall/Spring150-4500Poor43GoodLowHigh
Rhynchelytrum repensRuby grassI1-12"Warm Bunch4200,000Fall/Spring82000-4500Good43GoodLowMed
Schizachyrium scopariumLittle bluestemAldous, Blaze, CamperN25+"CoolSod6242,000Fall/Spring142000-4500Good53GoodLowMed
Schoenoplectus acutus zar.acutusHardstem bulrushN36+"CoolSod4375,000Fall/SpringWetland1500-4500Good42Very GoodNoneHigh
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontaniSoftstem bulrushN48+"CoolBunchN/AN/AFall/SpringWetland1500-4500Good42Very GoodNoneHigh
Scirpus microcarpusSmall-fruited bulrushN24-36"CoolSodN/AN/AFall/SpringWetland1500-4500Good43GoodNoneHigh
Secale cerealeCereal ryeSpring, FallI25+"CoolAnnual80+29,000Fall/Spring140-7000Very Good22NoNoneLow
Setaria macrostachyaPlains bristlegrassN13-25+"Warm BunchBunch7280,000Fll/Spr/Sum122000-4500Good44Very GoodNoneLow
Setaria italicaFoxtail bristlegrassI13-24"WarmAnnual25+200,000Spring140-4500Poor23NoLowLow
Sorghastrum nutansIndiangrassRumsey, Holt, Cheyenne, NE 54N25+"WarmBunch6170,000Spring142000-4500Very Good44Very GoodMedLow
Sorghum bicolor ssp. bicolorSorghumI25+"WarmBunch20-3060,000Spring141500-4500Good45NoLowMed
Sorghum bicolor ssp. DrummondiiSudangrassI25+"WarmBunch20-3068,000Spring141500-4500Good34NoLowMed
Sporobolus airoidesAlkali sacatonN13-24"Warm Bunch2-31,679,000Late Summer62000-4500Good53ExcellentNoneHigh
Sporobolus cryptandrusSand dropseedN13-24"WarmBunch15,300,000Late Summer102000-4500Very Good54Very GoodLowLow
Sporobolus giganteusGiant dropseedN25+"WarmBunch2-31,700,000Late Summer122000-4500Good44Very GoodMedLow
Thinopyrum intermediumIntermediate wheatgrassAmur, Greenar, Oahe, Tegmar, RushI13-25"CoolSod10-1289,500Fall/Spring142000-4500Excellent44NoMedMed
Thinopyrum intermedium ssp.barbulatumPubescent wheatgrassGreenleaf, Luna, Mandan, ManskaI13-24"CoolSod10-12100,000Fall122000-4500Very Good45NoMedMed
Thinopyrum ponticumTall WheatgrassAlkar, Jose, OrbittI25+"CoolBunch8-1077,500Spring122000-4500Good34NoLowHigh
Triticum aestivumWheatSpring, WinterI13-24"CoolBunch60+12,000Fall/Spring122000-4500Good33NoLowLow
Triticum aestivum x Elytrigia elongataRegreen HybridI13-24"CoolBunch20-40+12,000Fall/Spring120-7000Excellent33NoLowMed
Triticum aestivum x Secale cerealeTriticaleSpring, WinterI13-24"CoolBunch60+14,000Fall/Spring122000-4500Very Good44NoLowLow
Typha latifoliaBroadleaf cattailN36-48"CoolBunch.510,000,000Fall/SpringWetland0-9000Very Good42Very GoodLowLow
Vulpia myurosFoxtail fescueZorroI1-24"CoolAnnual8-10450,000Fall102000-4500Very Good23NoMedLow
Elevation Range:
Preferred growing elevation.
Erosion Control Index: Based on germination & growth rate, seeding vigor, life-span & growth form.Wildlife Value:
Provides food and/or cover and/or nesting for various forms of wildlife.
Forage Value:
Rates the food potential to livestock and wildlife.
X-Scape:
"Xeriscaping" using native species for landscaping.
Wildlife & Forage Rating Scale: 5 = Best4 = Good3 = Satisfactory2 = Poor results1 = Not recommended
Definitions:
Native grasses are those that occurred in North America before the settlement by European / Asian man.Introduced grasses are those that are not native to North AmericaWarm Season grasses grow actively in summer andgo dormant in cool weather. Warm season grasses will remain dormant until the soil temperature indicates that there is no chance of frost returning. Warm season grasses turn tan-colored from November through April.Cool Season grasses thrive in cool weather and go semi-dormant in the hot summer months. They "green-up" earlier in the spring than warm season grasses.
Note: Call us or check with your extension office to determine if a particular species occurs naturally to your site.
*Indicates revised scientific names accepted by the USDA/NRCS